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The President today announced the appointment of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), comprised of 12 distinguished scientists and engineers. This panel will provide high-level advice directly to the President on a wide range of important issues concerning science and technology.
PCAST will be the first Presidential scientific advisory group in many years to report directly to the President. Its establishment is a measure of the Bush administration's high esteem for science and a recognition that advances in science and technology contribute in a major way to increased economic competitiveness. It also reflects the President's desire to strengthen Federal science and technology policy, enhance Federal research and development activities, and encourage private sector involvement in research and development.
The United States scientific community leads the world in creating new knowledge. Through PCAST, the President is seeking to provide the best obtainable private sector advice to executive branch decisionmaking in science and technology.
PCAST will be chaired by Dr. D. Allan Bromley, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology. PCAST was established January 19, 1990, by Executive Order 12700. Its members will be sworn in later today by the Vice President at the White House. They include the following individuals:
Norman F. Borlaug, of Texas, is a Nobel laureate and currently leader of the Sasakawa-Global-2000 agricultural program in sub-Saharan Africa, distinguished professor of international agriculture at Texas A M University, and a senior consultant to CIMMYT. He was director of the wheat research and production program of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico, from 1964 until his retirement in 1979. Dr. Borlaug's career began in 1935 in the Forest Service, and he subsequently worked as an instructor in plant pathology at the University of Minnesota in 1941, where he received his Ph.D. From 1942 through 1944, he was a microbiologist with E.I. DuPont de Nemours Co. He also served as research scientist in charge of wheat improvement with the cooperative Mexican agricultural program, Mexican Ministry of Agriculture and the Rockefeller Foundation, 1944 - 60, and later as associate director of the foundation assigned to the inter-American food crop program, 1960 - 63.
D. Allan Bromley, Chairman, of Connecticut, is Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). Dr. Bromley carried out pioneering studies on both the structure and dynamics of nuclei and is considered the father of modern heavy ion science. He has played major roles in the development of accelerators, of detection systems, and in computer-based data acquisition and analysis systems. He is currently on leave from his position as Henry Ford II professor of physics at Yale University, where he was founder and director of the A.W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory. Dr. Bromley has been a leader in the national and international science and science policy communities for more than 20 years, serving as a member of the White House Science Council throughout the Reagan administration and as a member of the National Science Board in 1988 - 89. He received the President's National Medal of Science in 1988 and the Presidential Medal of the New York Academy of Sciences in 1989. He has served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. Dr. Bromley received the B.Sc. degree in 1948 at Queen's University, Canada, the M.Sc. degree from Queen's University in 1950, and the Ph.D. degree in nuclear physics from the University of Rochester in 1952. He has since been awarded 10 honorary doctorates.
Solomon J. Buchsbaum, of New Jersey, has been senior vice president, technology systems, at AT T Bell Laboratories since 1979. His early career included work at the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics. He received his Ph.D. in physics from MIT in 1957. He joined Bell Laboratories in 1958 as a member of the technical staff and later became department head and director of the Electronics Research Laboratory. In 1968 he was named vice president for research at the Sandia Laboratories and served in a number of different capacities. He returned to Bell Laboratories in 1971 as an executive director. In 1976 he became vice president, network planning and customer systems. Dr. Buchsbaum is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of the National Academy of Engineering. He was the recipient of the President's National Medal of Science in 1986.
Charles L. Drake, of Vermont, has been the Albert Bradley professor of earth sciences at Dartmouth since 1984 and professor of geology since 1969. Dr. Drake's professional career began at Columbia University in 1953. He joined the staff at Dartmouth in 1958 after receiving his Ph.D. in geology from Columbia University, where he has continued his career, including service as professor and chairman of the department, 1967 - 69; as dean of graduate studies, and as associate dean of the science department, 1978 - 81. Dr. Drake is a recipient of the G.P. Woollard Award, Geophysical Division of the Geological Society of America.
Ralph E. Gomory, of New York, is president of the Sloan Foundation and, until his recent retirement, was senior vice president for science and technology, IBM Corp. He received his Ph.D. in mathematics from Princeton in 1954. Dr. Gomory's professional experience includes teaching and research at Princeton from 1957 to 1959. In 1959 he joined the research division of IBM and was named director of the mathematical sciences department in 1965. In 1970 he became IBM director of research and held that position until 1985, becoming IBM vice president in 1973, senior vice president in 1985, and IBM senior vice president for science and technology in 1986. He has been awarded a number of honorary degrees and prizes, including the John von Neumann Theory Prize in 1984 and the National Medal of Science in 1988.
Bernadine Healy, Vice Chairman, of Ohio, is chairman of the Research Institute of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, a position she assumed in 1985, and is a staff member of the clinic's department of cardiology. Prior to that time, she was Deputy Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the White House and, until that appointment, had been a professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Hospital. Dr. Healy received her medical degree from Harvard Medical School in 1970. Her medical career continued at Johns Hopkins from 1976 to 1984, where she was professor of cardiology and medicine, director of the coronary care unit, and assistant dean for postdoctoral programs and faculty development. Dr. Healy is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. She is the immediate past president of the American Heart Association and a former president of the American Federation for Clinical Research.
Peter W. Likins, of Pennsylvania, has been president of Lehigh University since 1982. His professional career began as a development engineer with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, in 1958. In 1964 he joined the faculty at the University of California at Los Angeles, where he became professor of engineering and, later, associate dean. Dr. Likins received his Ph.D. in engineering mechanics from Stanford in 1965. In 1976 he became professor and dean of Columbia University, serving until 1980, when he became provost of the university.
Thomas E. Lovejoy, of Virginia, is the Assistant Secretary for External Affairs, the Smithsonian Institution. His previous experience includes service as a research assistant at the University of Pennsylvania, 1971 - 74, after receiving his Ph.D. in biology from Yale University in 1971; as executive assistant to the science director and as assistant to the vice president for resources and planning of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 1972 - 73; as the vice president for science of the World Wildlife Fund-U.S., 1973 - 87; and as executive vice president, 1985 - 89. Dr. Lovejoy is president of the Society for Conservation Biology.
Walter E. Massey, of Illinois, has been the vice president of the University of Chicago for research and for Argonne National Laboratory since 1984. He has also been professor of physics at the university since 1979. Dr. Massey previously served as a physics instructor at Morehouse College, 1958 - 59; and after receiving his Ph.D. in physics from Washington University in 1966, as a staff physicist with the Argonne National Laboratory until 1968; as assistant professor of physics, University of Illinois at Urbana, 1968 - 70; and as associate professor of physics and dean of the college, Brown University, 1975 - 79. He is vice president and president-elect of the American Physical Society and is the past president and chairman of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
John P. McTague, of Michigan, is vice president-research, Ford Motor Co., and has served in that position since 1986. In 1983 Dr. McTague was appointed Deputy Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, becoming Acting Science Advisor to the President and Acting Director of OSTP in 1986. Prior to that, he was chairman of the national synchrotron light source department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1982 - 83. He was professor of chemistry and a member of the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California at Los Angeles, 1970 - 82. Dr. McTague began his professional career as a member of the technical staff, North American Aviation Science Center, on receiving his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Boston University, and remained there until 1970. He is U.S. Chairman of the U.S.-Japan Joint High Level Advisory Panel on Cooperation in Research and Development in Science and Technology.
Daniel Nathans, of Maryland, is a Nobel laureate, and a professor of molecular biology and genetics at the Johns Hopkins University Medical School and senior investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He has been on the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University Medical School since 1962. After receiving his medical degree from Washington University in 1954, he served as medical resident at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York, 1955, 1957 - 59; as clinical associate at the National Cancer Institute, 1955 - 57; and guest investigator in biochemistry at the Rockefeller University, 1959 - 62. Dr. Nathans received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1978 for his research with enzymes that cut DNA into specific pieces, one of the basic tools of genetic engineering.
David Packard, of California, has been chairman of the board of the Hewlett-Packard Co. since 1972. Mr. Packard received his B.A. and B.S.E.E. degrees from Stanford University in 1934 and 1939, respectively. His professional experience includes service as an engineer with the vacuum tube engineering department, GE Co., 1936 - 38; cofounder and partner, the Hewlett-Packard Co., 1939 - 47; president, 1947 - 64; and chairman and chief executive officer, 1964 - 69. Prior to his present position, Mr. Packard served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1969 to 1971. Mr. Packard received the Vannevar Bush Award of the National Science Board in 1987, and the President's National Medal of Technology and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988.
Harold T. Shapiro, of New Jersey, has been president of Princeton University since 1988. Dr. Shapiro's previous academic experience has been with the University of Michigan, after receiving his Ph.D. in economics from Princeton in 1964, first as an assistant professor of economics. His career progressed from associate professor, 1967 - 70; professor, 1970 - 76; chairman of the department of economics, 1974 - 77; professor of economics and public policy, 1977; vice president for academic affairs, 1977 - 79. Dr. Shapiro was president of the University of Michigan from 1980 to 1987. He has served as a member of many industrial, governmental, and academic boards and commissions.